The Coat of Arms of Uganda is centered on a shield and spears on a
green mound.

The shield and spears represent the willingness of the Ugandan people to
defend their country. There are three images on the shield: those on top
represent the waves of Lake Victoria; the sun in the centre represents the
many days of brilliant sunshine Uganda enjoys; and the traditional drum at
the bottom is symbolic of dancing, and the summoning of people to
meetings and ceremony.

The shield is flanked on the right by a Crested Crane (Balearica regulorum
gibbericeps), a subspecies of the Grey-crowned Crane and the national bird
of Uganda. On the left is the Ugandan Kob (Kobus kob thomasi), a species
of Kob that here represents abundant wildlife.

The shield stands on a green mound, representing fertile land, and directly
above a representation of the River Nile. Two main cash crops, coffee and
cotton, flank the river. At the bottom is the national motto: "For God and My


The Flag of Uganda was adopted on 9 October 1962, the date that
Uganda became independent from the United Kingdom. It consists of six
equal horizontal bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a
white disc is superimposed at the centre and depicts the national symbol, a
Grey Crowned Crane, facing the hoist side. The three colors are
representative of African peoples (black), Africa's sunshine (yellow), and
African brotherhood (red being the color of blood, through which all Africans
are connected). The Grey Crowned Crane is fabled for its gentle nature and
was also the military badge of Ugandan soldiers during British rule.

The flag was designed by the Ugandan Minister of Justice, Mr. Grace


Ugandan National Anthem

Oh Uganda may God uphold thee,
We lay our future in thy hand,
United free for liberty
Together we'll always stand.

Oh Uganda the land of freedom,
Our love and labor we give,
And with neighbors all,
At our country's call
In peace and friendship we'll live.

Oh Uganda! the land that feeds us,
By sun and fertile soil grown,
For our own dear land,
We shall always stand,
The pearl of Africa's Crown

Music and lyrics composed by Professor George Wilberforce Kakoma.


Uganda is divided into 80 districts, spread across four administrative
regions: Northern, Eastern, Central and Western. The districts are
subdivided into counties. A number of districts have been added in the past
few years, and eight others were added on July 1, 2006. Most districts are
named after their main commercial and administrative towns. Each district is
divided into sub-districts, counties, sub-counties, parishes and villages.

Parallel with the state administration, six traditional Bantu kingdoms have
remained, enjoying some degrees of mainly cultural autonomy. The
kingdoms are Toro, Ankole, Busoga, Bunyoro, Buganda and Rwenzururu.
Ankole is the unofficial sister kingdom of Wendouree, in the State of
Victoria, Australia.


Brief History: The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda
grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political
systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a
working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The
dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of
some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under
Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of
Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic
growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party
presidential and legislative elections. In January 2009, Uganda assumed a
nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2009-10 term.

Population: 32,369,558

country comparison to the world: 37

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of
excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher
infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and
changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would
otherwise be expected (July 2009 est.)

Major Infectious Diseases:

degree of risk: very high

food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid
vectorborne diseases: malaria, plague, and African trypanosomiasis
(sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

Ethnic Groups:

Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%,
Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other
29.6% (2002 census)


English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of
law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or
Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for
native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school),
other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic



Executive branch:

chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since seizing
power 26 January 1986); note - the president is both chief of state and head
of government
head of government: President Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI (since
seizing power 26 January 1986); Prime Minister Apolo NSIBAMBI (since 5
April 1999); note - the prime minister assists the president in the supervision
of the cabinet
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president from among elected legislators
(For more information visit the World Leaders website )
elections: president reelected by popular vote for a five-year term; election
last held 23 February 2006 (next to be held in February 2011)
election results: Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI elected president;
percent of vote - Lt. Gen. Yoweri Kaguta MUSEVENI 59.3%, Kizza
BESIGYE 37.4%, other 3.3%

Legislative branch:

unicameral National Assembly (332 seats; 215 members elected by popular
vote, 104 nominated by legally established special interest groups [women
79, army 10, disabled 5, youth 5, labor 5], 13 ex officio members; serve
five-year terms)
elections: last held 23 February 2006 (next to be held in February 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NRM 205,
FDC 37, UPC 9, DP 8, CP 1, JEEMA 1, independents 37, other 34

Judicial branch:

Court of Appeal (judges are appointed by the president and approved by the
legislature); High Court (judges are appointed by the president)

Political parties and leaders:
Conservative Party or CP [Ken LUKYAMUZI]; Democratic Party or DP
[Kizito SSEBAANA]; Forum for Democratic Change or FDC [Kizza
BESIGYE]; Justice Forum or JEEMA [Muhammad Kibirige MAYANJA];
National Resistance Movement or NRM [Yoweri MUSEVENI]; Peoples
Progressive Party or PPP [Bidandi SSALI]; Ugandan People's Congress or
note: a national referendum in July 2005 opened the way for Uganda's
transition to a multi-party political system

Political pressure groups and leaders:

Lord's Resistance Army or LRA [Joseph KONY]; Young Parliamentary
Association [Henry BANYENZAKI]; Parliamentary Advocacy Forum or
PAFO; National Association of Women Organizations in Uganda or
NAWOU [Florence NEKYON]; The Ugandan Coalition for Political
Accountability to Women or COPAW

Transnational Issues:

Disputes - international:

Uganda is subject to armed fighting among hostile ethnic groups, rebels,
armed gangs, militias, and various government forces that extend across its
borders; Uganda hosts 209,860 Sudanese, 27,560 Congolese, and 19,710
Rwandan refugees, while Ugandan refugees as well as members of the
Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) seek shelter in southern Sudan and the
Democratic Republic of the Congo's Garamba National Park; LRA forces
have also attacked Kenyan villages across the border

Refugees and internally displaced persons:

refugees (country of origin): 215,700 (Sudan); 28,880 (Democratic Republic
of Congo); 24,900 (Rwanda)

IDPs: 1.27 million (350,000 IDPs returned in 2006 following ongoing peace
talks between the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and the Government of
Uganda) (2007)

Source: CIA - The World Fact Book
Map showing the homeland of the
Acholi / Luo (also spelled Lwo) people
within Uganda. It is an area directly
affected by the LRA. . It is within the
Gulu district that our organization will
begin it's work.

Map Source: Mark Dingemanse

Lanekatuk Memorial, Inc.
Uganda Coat of Arms
Flag of Uganda
Map of Uganda
Current Time and Weather Data Gulu, Uganda (GMT +3)